Odisha s Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forests Added To Wildlife Sanctuary See details here

The area between the mouth of Dhamara and Barunei on the coast of the mangrove forest has now been added to the Odisha Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary area.

The area between the mouth of Dhamara and Barunei on the coast of the mangrove forest has now been added to the Odisha Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary area.

Bhubaneshwar: To the surprise of non-visitors, Odisha, like Bengal, also has mangroves. A mangrove is a shrub or tree that grows in saline or brackish coastal waters. The mangrove biome, often referred to as mangrove forest or mangal, is a distinct saline woodland or shrub habitat characterized by depositional coastal environments.

The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in Odisha, with an area of ​​672 km2, includes mangrove forests. The area between the mouth of Dhamara and Barunei on the forest coast has now been added to the wildlife sanctuary area.

The core area of ​​the sanctuary, with an area of ​​145 km2, was declared Bhitarkanika National Park in September 1998. Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was established in September 1997 and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach. and an adjacent part of the Bay of Bengal. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance in 2002.

MANGROVES SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE ECOSYSTEMS

Mangroves are good for sustainable coastal and marine ecosystems. They protect nearby areas from tsunamis and extreme weather events. Mangrove forests are also effective for carbon sequestration and storage and mitigating climate change. As the effects of climate change become more severe, mangrove ecosystems are expected to help local ecosystems adapt and be more resilient to changes such as extreme weather and sea level rise.

Section 26A of the Wildlife Protection Act defines sanctuary declaration. It states that the state government may declare its intention to constitute an area which consists of adequate ecological, floristic, faunal, natural or zoological significance for the protection of wildlife.

The distinct flora and fauna supported by the mangroves will now receive special protection from government authorities for the conservation of the rich diversity.




Publication date: Nov 16, 2022 2:42 p.m. IST

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