Wildlife conservation: risks and efforts | Environment


A coolie (Photo: VNA)

Hanoi (VNA) – Vietnam, although rich in biodiversity with a large number of precious, rare and endemic species, has seen a decline in the number of many rare species, forcing the country to work hard to preserve them and protect them from the risks of extinction.

According to the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), during the period 2013-2017, Vietnam recorded 1,504 wildlife rule violations involving 1,461 suspects. Over 180 wildlife species were illegally transported, caged, hunted and trafficked during the period.

A report by the International Environmental Investigation Agency showed that during the period 2014-2019, Vietnam brought to light more than 600 wildlife trafficking case, seizure of 105 tons of ivory (more than 15,700 elephants killed), as well as 1.69 tons of rhino horn (equivalent to 610 individuals); skins, bones and other products of about 228 tigers; and the body and scales of approximately 65,510 pangolins.
Wild animals have been smuggled not only within Vietnam but also across the border, making the country a transit point for criminal networks in ivory trafficking, pangolin scales and African rhino horns.

Over the period 2016-2021, more than 11,000 wild animals were offered for sale on the Internet, according to WCS.

The results of an elephant protection project in Vietnam over the period 2013-2020 showed that Vietnam had less than 120 elephants. Meanwhile, statistics from IUCN revealed that in 2015, fewer than five tigers lived in the wild in Vietnam. the IUCN Red Book says tigers may have been extinct in Vietnam. One of the reasons for this is illegal hunting and animal trafficking.

Regarding wild birds, 18 Vietnamese and international non-governmental organizations have discovered hot spots in the bird trade such as Thanh Hoa (Long An), Tam Nong (Dong Thap) or areas around the national parks of Xuan Thuy, Cat Ba and Tram Chim.

The hunting, trade and consumption of wild birds has affected Vietnam’s prestige on the world stage as the country has joined the East Asia-Australasian Flyway Partnership (EAAFP) as well as many other international conventions and commitments on protection. from wildlife.

The Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Agency under Vietnam’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Administration said the World Wide Fund for Nature in Vietnam is strengthening communications to raise public awareness of the tiger conservation in Vietnam.

Hoang Thi Thanh Nhan, deputy director of the agency, said that although tiger tracks are hardly found in the wild in Vietnam, the country can still contribute to tiger conservation efforts in Southeast Asia. Is through on-going attempts such as protecting and restoring tiger habitats, ending non-conservation captivity and reducing consumer demand for tiger products.

In the national tiger conservation program for the period 2014-2022, Vietnam has set itself the objective of protecting and conserving tigers, their habitats and their prey, helping to prevent the decline in the number of tigers, by gradually restoring, improving and increasing the number of wild tigers by 2022.

To this end, Vietnam has defined seven major groups of solutions, including the establishment of a priority area for tiger conservation and the construction of corridors to preserve the habitat of tigers in the wild; develop a monitoring program for tiger populations and their prey in the wild; strengthen communication to raise public awareness in the field; and increase cross-border cooperation at work./.



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